In A Study in Emerald, written by Neil Gaiman, the use of heavy allusion to Lovecraft’s “The Call of the Cthulhu” along with Doyle’s A Study in Scarlet helps to create a new dynamic toward the familiarity.
The Great Old Ones are a symbol of power and authority. In the fictional world of A Study in Emerald, the Old Ones hold all of the authoritative positions in Europe. The arrival of the Old Ones centuries before the story took place created a world of “peace and prosperity (435)” out of “a world of barbarism and darkness (431)”. However, their arrival was initially met with resistance, which turns the moon into a crimson color that could represents the bloodshed which had occurred. Once they have seized power, the Old Ones maintain their position for hundreds of years. Written in 2003, A Study in Emerald could represents Gailman’s effort to call out for the awareness of what was going on around the world at the time. The year 2003 marks the beginning of the Iraq War as well as the continuation of the ongoing War in Afghanistan. The Old Ones in the story is a possible metaphor for the leaders of the Western World. The story also mention of a group of Restorationists who wishes to restore the balance before the time of the Old Ones. Rache, being one of the Restorationists, have seen the effect of what these Old Ones can do. Their treatment to some humans is “like a man sucking the flesh from a ripe peach, leaving nothing behind but the skin and the pit (435).” Analogous to what was happening at the time, the Restorationists could be compare to terrorists who wish to stop the leaders of the west from invading their beloved land, with some intention of taking the natural resources. In conclusion, the Old Ones, much like the leaders of the Western World, have in their hands great responsibilities. The decision of what they do with that responsibility shall determine the fate of the human race.